The history of creation of Memorial Complex «Brest Hero-Fortress»

The Central Committee of the Belarussian Communist party approved the proposals on the construction of the monument in the Brest fortress in the decree «The celebration of the 20th anniversary of the liberation of Sovietskaya Belarus» at the expense of the funds collected by the people for these purposes. An account was opened in the bank.

First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus P.M. Masherov lights the Eternal flame in the Brest Fortress. September 25, 1971.Taking into account great services of the defenders of the Brest fortress before the Motherland and to the commemorating the 20th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people in the great Patriotic war, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR issued a decree from May 8, 1965 awarded the Brest fortress the honorary title of «Fortress-hero» with presentation of Lenin order and medal «Gold Star», which were later transferred to the memorial.

The Council of Ministers of the BSSR by the Resolution of July 23, 1966 № 295 approved the creative group and instructed her to complete the project of the monument to the defenders of the fortress.

The team of the creators of the Memorial. Photo of 1968

The creative team was established and consisted of: people's architect of the USSR, laureate of the State prize of the BSSR, the architect - artist V.A. Korol (1912-1980); people's artist of BSSR, laureate of the State prize, the sculptor A.O. Bembel (1905-1986); laureate of the Lenin prize and the Lenin Komsomol prize of Belarus, the architect V.P. Zankovitch; laureate of the State prize of the BSSR, and the artist-architect G.V. Sysoev (1919-2010); sculptor V.D. Bobyl; architect-artist V.M. Volchek (1910-1985); laureate of the State prize of the BSSR, the architect O.A. Srahovich (1935-2010); architect Y.I. Kazakov Winner of Lenin and two State Prizes of the USSR, national artist of the USSR, the sculptor A.P. Kibalnikov (1912-1987) headed the creative team.

In the development of the project actively participated design engineers M. Gordin (chief designer of the project), M. Mets, L. Roshal – chief lighting technician engineer, L. Vasileva – energy supply engineer, A. Smolsky – plumbing engineer.

During the years 1967-1969 authors group (team) developed a final decision of the memorial and completed models and drawings of all the structures of the complex and its beautification.

The layout of the Memorial complex "Brest Hero Fortress". 1969

After developing the general idea of the ensemble and making sketches and models of the main elements, the general layout (master plan) was developed.

As the main building materials the firmest were chosen - concrete and reinforced concrete, natural stone – gray and red granite, labradorite, for facing the obelisk - titanium alloy.

Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR April 29, 1967 №139 approved the project of the construction of the memorial complex "Brest Fortress-Hero". The work on the construction of the memorial began in May 1968. In October 1969 the memorial project was adopted for realization.

The work was done in accordance with the general layout approved by the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR (Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the BSSR November 6, 1969 № 376).

In 1969 the museum of Brest fortress-hero from the Ministry of defence of USSR was passed to the area of responsibility of the Ministry of culture of BSSR.(Decree of the Council Ministers of BSSR from April 15,1969 №140,directive of General Staff the Ministry of defence of USSR №ORG/9/340 ss from May 25,1969;order of Ministry of culture of BSSR from May 7,1969 №38).The headquarters building of the Memorial complex. 1971

In 1970 the museum functioned with 60 people strong.

In 1970 the exposition of 9 from 10 halls museum was reconstructed.

During excavation work and building of the memorial was found more than 1,000 museum objects, the remains of the dead.

On September 18, 1971 under the three-tiered granite slab memorial the remains of 823 people who died in the defense of the fortress in June-July 1941 were reburied. Some of them were moved from the Garrison cemetery where they were buried between 1945 and 1969, and the rests were found during construction work on the memorial. 201 names were put to a memorial plate, and the rest were buried as unknown.

Resolution of the Council of Ministers of BSSR from July, 22 1971Nr 221 passed the memorial complex "Brest Fortress" to the Ministry of Culture of the BSSR (July 28, 1971 was issued by the PBC and the Resolution of the Central Committee of the Council of Ministers of the BSSR № 231 "On the State Commission for acceptance of the memorial complex" Brest Fortress -Hero ").

Writer S.S. Smirnov and defendes of the Brest Fortress at the opening of the Memorial complex "Brest Hero Fortress". September 25, 1971

The proposal of the Ministry of Culture of BSSR and the Brest Regional Executive Committee to unite the memorial complex "Brest Fortress" and the Museum of Brest Fortress-Hero in a single complex and continue to call it "The memorial complex" Brest Fortress-Hero" was accepted. On the basis of this order was issued the Oder of the Ministry of Culture of the BSSR July 27, 1971 № 117 "About the memorial complex" Brest Fortress ", in which was pointed to the reorganization of the museum of defense of the Brest fortress-hero. The State Commission made the act of acceptance of the memorial complex from September 23, 1971.

On September, 25 1971 the memorial complex "Brest Fortress" was opened. More than 600 veterans of the Brest garrison 1941 were present.

There are the ruins of the old fortress, the battlefields, the monumental sculptures presented in a unified architectural and artistic ensemble of the memorial, which perpetuated the "true story of the legendary heroes of the Brest fortress".